Mathews County, Virginia Records
Mathews County, Virginia Records, including Executors' Bonds, 1795-1825, Guardian Bonds, Book B, 1806-1822, Marriages (1827-50) performed by Rev. William A. Billups, Marriage (1817-70) & Death (1807-90) Announcements from Virginia Newspapers. Jane B. Goodsell. 2000.
Mathews County, Virginia, prior to 1791, was known as Kingston Parish, a part of Gloucester County, founded in 1651. Gloucester County once consisted of four parishes; Petsworth, Ware, Abingdon and Kingston. In 1791, Kingston Parish separated from Gloucester County and became an independent county named for Major Thomas Mathews, of Norfolk, Virginia, a speaker in the Virginia House of Delegates. Almost all of the early colonial court records have been destroyed by court house fires or during the final days of the Civil War in 1865, at the fall of Richmond, where they were taken for safe keeping. For that reason, Mathews County is known to genealogists as a "burned out county" as far as surviving court records are concerned. One of the most important books to survive is the "Land Tax Records, 1791 - 1863". Without an early will book, you can follow your ancestors ownership of land and at their death can, in most cases, see who heired the property. Another book of importance is the "Fee Book, 1795 - 1858" (County Court Records). Any legal matter, submitted to the court, the fees involved were recorded in this book.