Alien Horseman: An Italian Shavetail with Custer - J. C. Ladenheim. Major (Count) Charles C. De Rudio, U.S.A. (Ret.), Italian by birth and American by adoption, "gave his youth to the cause of Italian liberty and spent thirty-two years of unblemished service in the United States Army." As a teenager, De Rudio was one of numerous conspirators working to liberate Italy and he participated in an assassination attempt on Napoleon III by throwing a bomb at the king's carriage. Sentenced to a term in French Guyana, he would later escape the prison compound and eventually make his way to the United States. He enlisted in the army and saw service in the American Civil War, at the Little Bighorn Massacre, in the subjugation of the Nez Perce and surrender of Chief Joseph, and patrol duty in the Black Hills. He retired as a major and died in 1910. An informative biography that interlaces De Rudio's para-military and military experiences with his family life from childhood through adulthood as both husband and father. (2003), 2007, 5½x8½, paper, index, 380 pp.