Cabell County, [West] Virginia 1810 Substitute Census


Cabell is one of eighteen Virginia counties for which the 1810 census is lost. In the current volume, the data is recorded thus:

 Name 1 2 3
Kincaid, Samuel Jr. - - 5
Kincaid, Samuel Sr. 3 5 11
Kincaid, Samuel (blacksmith) 1 - -

Column one represents the tithable males (16 and over) in the household; column 2 is the number of slaves over 12; and column 3 is the number of horses, mares or mules.

For genealogical researchers in this 1810 period, personal property tax records may provide additional important information. Oftentimes, juniors and seniors are listed adjacent to one another and recorded on the same day. When a taxpayer is noted as "exempt", it can be a clue to someone holding a particular position in government or being elderly, infirm, or for some other reason no longer required to pay the tithable tax. Women, both black and white, appear occasionally as heads of households when they own property in their own right or as the widow of a property owner.

Another valuable source for filling in information about an ancestor is the land tax record, and especially the one for 1815. In that year, the enumerators began to add the location of the property in relation to the county court house. Roger Ward has abstracted all of the 1815 land tax records. This is especially important in the case of Cabell, which was a parent to all or part of eight West Virginia counties (Cabell, Wayne, Lincoln, Putnam, Mingo, Logan, Boone and Wyoming).

The 1810 substitute census list for Cabell County contains 487 households, 524 tithables, both white and free black, and 122 slaves over the age of twelve, and 1,169 horses.

John Vogt